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Understanding the National Mediation Board

Understanding the National Mediation Board What is the National Mediation Board (NMB)?

The National Mediation Board is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the management, administration, and authorization of communication undertaken between railroad and airline executives and their respective employees concerning conflict and dispute resolution. Labor disputes arising within these specific industries within the realm of transportation services on which a multitude of the American populace relies may result in strikes and forfeiture; in order to avoid the closure of – or the refusal to provide for – such services, the NMB provides mediation assistance and regulatory review with regard to employment-based conflict resolution:

While non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the NMB – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction

NMB Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NMB – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NMB than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the NMB, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration. The following details outline the structuring of the NMB:

The NMB was founded in 1934 subsequent to amendments passed concerning the preexisting Railway Labor Act of 1926, which outlines the standards and practices applicable to conflict and dispute resolution regarding labor within the realm of the railroad and airline industries

The headquarters of the NMB are located in Washington, D.C.

The NMB is administered by a council of 3 executives who receive their respective appointment directly from the President of the United States; Daniel Rainey serves as the current chief of staff – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies to include terms such as ‘Board’ in their respective title due to a group management structure in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration.

NMB: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NMB resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the NMB below:

National Mediation Board

Attn: Daniel Rainey

1301 K Street, NW

Suite 250 East

Washington, D.C.

20005

(202) 692-5050

Understanding the National Science Foundation

Understanding the National Science FoundationWhat is the National Science Foundation (NSF)?

The National Science Foundation is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the administration, regulatory review, analysis, and disbursement of federal grants awarded to individuals and institutions undertaking scientific development and research; however, the NSF only undertakes the furnishing of grants and awards with regard to non-medical science conducted within the realm of universities and academic institution:

NSF Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NSF – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NSF than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the NSF, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the NSF:

The NSF was founded on May 10th, 1950

The headquarters of the NSF are located in Arlington, Virginia

The NSF is directed by Subra Suresh – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies to include terms such as ‘Foundation’ in their respective title due to a group management structure in lieu of a single operations manager

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration:

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the NSF

The foundation of the NSF was implemented in order to address matters concerning non-medical scientific research and development efforts; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the NSF:

The NSF is responsible for the provision of almost 1/4th of federal grants and funding with regard to scientific research and development existing within the United States of America

The acting President of the United States is responsible for the appointment of the 24-person board of executives; these executives are responsible for the review – and subsequent decisions – with regard to the awards process of scientific grants

The NSF meets at an average of 6 times on an annual basis; during these meetings, procedures and policies concerning grants and awards are formulated, established, and reviewed

NSF: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NSF resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the NSF below:

National Science Foundation

4201 Wilson Boulevard

Arlington, Virginia

22230

(703) 292-511

Understanding the National Transportation Safety Board

Understanding the National Transportation Safety Board What is the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)?

The National Transportation Safety Board is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the regulation, review, investigation, and oversight regarding non-military, transportation endeavors, which includes both private and commercial means of travel and transit; the railroad, automotive, nautical, and aeronautic industries are collectively under the investigative jurisdiction of the NTSB. In accordance to both the methodology and ideology concerning the operation of the NTSB, the following circumstances may render situational and legal review conducted by NTSB authorities:

Collisions, mishaps, and damage both caused and sustained with regard to accidents taking place within the realm of transit; upon an NTSB review, the legality of the operations, as well as the integrity of the manufacture of that means of transportation is subject to legal analysis

Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the National Transportation Safety Board, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration

National Transportation Safety Board Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the National Transportation Safety Board – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the National Transportation Safety Board than its agency counterparts – the following details outline the structuring of the National Transportation Safety Board:

The National Transportation Safety Board was founded on April 1st, 1967 – originally titled as the Civil Aeronautics Board; subsequent to the passing of Independent Safety Act of 1975, the name was officially changed to the NTSB

The headquarters of the National Transportation Safety Board are located in Washington, D.C.

The National Transportation Safety Board is chaired by Mark Rosenker – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies including terms such as ‘Board’ in their respective title to undertake a group or board management structure in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies vs. Executive Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the National Transportation Safety Board – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction:

National Transportation Safety Board: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the National Transportation Safety Board resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law includes the administration of government programs, as well as the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard:

Please find both the primary address and telephones number of the National Transportation Safety Board below:

National Transportation Safety Board

490 L’Enfant Plaza East, SW

Washington, D.C.

20594

(202) 314-6000

Understanding the Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Understanding the Nuclear Regulatory Commission What is the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)?

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the oversight, administration, investigation, and authorization of the nuclear power industry existing within the United States of America. The foundation of the NRC was implemented in order to address matters concerning the preservation and protection of the safety of the collective citizenry of the United States of America with regard to the usage and utilization of nuclear power; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the NRC:

The provision of occupational legislation with regard to the safety and wellbeing of employees

The establishment of standards and conditions with regard to the maintenance and protection of the environment and ecology

The investigation and regulation of operations concerning the storage and management of elements and substances considered to be both toxic and harmful upon unmanaged exposure

NRC Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NRC – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NRC than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the NRC, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the NRC:

The NRC was founded on January 15th, 1975 shortly after the passing of the Nuclear Reorganization Act of 1974, which both mandated the Nuclear Regulatory Commission as the regulatory body governing the standards and practices of nuclear energy systems existing in the United States of America, as well as the implementation of the United States Atomic Energy Commission as the primary research and development agency concerning nuclear technologies

The headquarters of the NRC are located in Washington, D.C.

The NRC is chaired by Gregory C. Jaczko – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies to include terms such as ‘Commission’ in their respective title due to a group management structure in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies vs. Executive Government Agencies

In contrast to non-independent government agencies, whose overseeing bodies may range from the Department of Energy to the Department of Defense, independent government agencies, such as the NRC are not required to report to such a department. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the NRC – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction:

NRC: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NRC resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal.

Understanding the Office of Compliance

Understanding the Office of Compliance What is the Office of Compliance (OOC)?

The Office of Compliance is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the regulation, oversight, and review of the terms, conditions, and activities concerning Congressional employment; akin to the required standards and practices expected of employment within the United States of America, Congressional employment is required to adhere to the same expressed legislation:

With regard to Congressional employment, the OOC undertakes the investigation and authorization of required policies required of employment within Civil Service; civil service is defined as any nature of government employment outside of military service or enlistment

OOC Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the OOC – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the OOC than its agency counterparts. The following details outline the structuring of the OOC:

The OOC was founded in 1965 in accordance with the passing of the Congressional Accountability Act of 1965, which set forth procedural standards and practices required to be upheld by members of Congress; the Office of Compliance was the regulatory agency created in order to maintain this oversight
The headquarters of the OOC are located in Washington, D.C.

The OOC is administered by a 5-member administrative board, which is chaired by Barbara L. Camens  – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies to include terms such as ‘Office’ in their respective title due to a group management structure in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration:

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the OOC

The foundation of the OOC was implemented in order to address matters concerning the required – and legal compliance – of both Congressional administration and employment standards required by law within the United States of America; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the OOC:

The OOC administers hiring and promotion practices enacted within Congress as per the Civil Service Act; this includes the implementation of – and adherence to – merit-based hiring and advancement
The OOC administers required statutory legislation concerning workplace safety and health with regard to Congressional employment

OOC: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the OOC resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard.

Understanding the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)

Understanding the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)What is the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)?

The International Broadcasting Bureau is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the provision of service for the Voice of America broadcast, as well as additional international news syndication broadcasts; the IBB is responsible for maintenance and service concerning all federal broadcasts non-military in nature:

IBB Quick Facts

The following details outline the structuring of the IBB:
The IBB was founded in 1994 as a result of the passing of the International Broadcasting Act, which created federal statutes and regulatory legislation concerning non-military, federal broadcasts

The headquarters of the IBB and BBG are located in Washington, D.C.
The IBB is under the jurisdiction of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, which is the Independent Federal Agency responsible for the oversight and administration of all Federal broadcasts – excluding military broadcasts – intended for accessed by both the American public, as well as the collective global community

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the IBB

The foundation of the IBB was implemented in order to address matters concerning international broadcasts of Federal transmissions fashion for public consumption; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the IBB:

Voice of America

Voice of America is an international broadcast mandated by the Federal Government of the United States, which is comprised of 5 individual programs, which undergo transmission through radio airways, virtual transmission, and televised programming; the content of Voice of America includes reporting of global and international news implemented to promote global unity and understanding throughout the international community. Currently, Voice of America – through the administration of the IBB and BBG – is transmitted in upwards of 40 languages.

Understanding the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB)

Understanding the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB)What is the Merit Systems Protection Board (MSPB)?

The Merit Systems Protection Board is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the administration of legal and ethical protocol employed within Civil Service employment; civil service is defined as employment by State and Federal government undertaken within the United States of America – the expanse of Civil Service spans the vast array of government employment, ranging from Congressional employment to the law enforcement agents:

Both the hiring and promotion practices within Civil Service are required to adhere to standards and conditions rooted within a merit-based system in lieu of hiring and advancement undertaken as a result of bias, prejudice, and favoritism

As expressed within the Equal Rights Act of 1964, no individual will be subjected to any means of discrimination concerning their respective advancement, opportunity, and wellbeing

The Origin of Merit-based Civil Service

In 1883 – after the assassination of President James A. Garfield, which took place when Charles Guiteau shot and killed President Garfield resulted in the passing of legislative reform concerning both the appointment and hiring processes within the realm of Civil Service employment. As a result of his assassination, the Federal Government passed the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act in order to establish a Federal system and standard ensuring that the administrative process latent within Civil Service employment would be subject to the same regulatory terms and conditions required of civilian employment practices:

Civil Service examinations were required by all applicants

Civil Service employees were prohibited from the appointment, as well as the termination mandated by elected officials
Awards of promotion and advancement were limited to the analysis of individual merit and performance

MSPB Quick Facts

The following details outline the structuring of the MSPB:
The MSPB was founded in 1978 in conjunction with the establishment of the Office of Personnel management; within the same year, the United States Civil Service Agency was abolished, as well
The headquarters of the MSPB are located in Washington, D.C.

The MSPB is administered by Susan Tsui Grunddman, who was appointed by President Barack Obama; in addition to the administrator, the MSPB is overseen by an executive board responsible for the regulation and oversight of operations and management

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the MSPB – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Judicial Branch retains less managerial oversight of the MSPB than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the MSPB, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

MSPB: Legal Information and Further Assistance

You may find both the primary address and telephones number of the MSPB below:

United States Merit Systems Protection Board

1615 M Street, NW

Washington, D.C.

20419

(202) 653-7200

Understanding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Understanding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)What is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)?

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration – more commonly referred to as ‘NASA’ – is an Independent and Executive Federal Agency responsible for the planning, management, and oversight of endeavors undertaken by the United States of America regarding space travel and exploration.

Upon the creation of NASA at the close of the 1950s, the international ‘Space Race’ had reached a critical mass; this colloquialism was created by the media during what was described as an unofficial ‘race’ taking place on an international basis relating to the development and successful undertaking of space travel – although the Soviet Union were the first nation to send a human being into space, the United States – through NASA technology – were the first nation to send a human to the moon:

NASA Quick Facts

The following details outline the structuring of the NASA:

NASA was founded on July 25th, 1958 in accordance to the passing of the National Aeronautics and Space Act passed by former-President of the United States Dwight Eisenhower; the legislation expressed within this act established space exploration as falling under the jurisdiction of Military activity

The headquarters of the NASA are located in Washington, D.C.

NASA is administered by Charles Bolden, who serves as the administrator of NASA; Lori Garver serves as the Deputy Administrator – however, in conjunction the executive administration, a board of chairpersons assists the decision-making and voting procedures

NASA: Independent Government Agency vs. Executive Government Agency

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration:

However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the NASA – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NASA – are overseen by an executive directorial board

Due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NASA than its agency counterparts; although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the NASA, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration

NASA: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NASA resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the NASA below:

NASA Headquarters

Understanding the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)

Understanding the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)What is the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)?

The National Archives and Records Administration is an Independent Federal Agency founded in 1988 in accordance the establishment of amendments to the Inspector General Act of 1978 within which the establishment of the National Archives and Records Administration was created in order to create an organizational system concerning both current and historic Federal documentation, records, and reports. In addition to the furnishing of Presidential speeches, statutes, orders, and actions, the NARA manages the storage and preservation of the following documentation:

The Declaration of Independence; this document managed by the NARA is the official proclamation expressing the cessation of British Monarchical control over the United States of America subsequent its victory in the War of Independence, which occurred in 1776

The Constitution of the United States; this document managed by the NARA outlines the laws, statutes, and administration of all facets of the United States, which ranges from government structure to the rights entitled to the collective citizenry of the United States

The Bill of Rights; this document managed by the NARA is comprised of the first 10 amendments made to the original text of the United states Constitution

NARA Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NARA – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NARA than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the NARA, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration. The following details outline the structuring of the NARA:

The NARA is chaired by Inspector General Paul Brachfeld; in addition to the Inspector General, the executive board of the NARA is comprised of a variety of analysts, compilation technicians, librarians, and archivists
The headquarters of the NARA are located in College Park, Maryland

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration:

NARA: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NARA resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs.

Understanding the National Council on Disability

Understanding the National Council on Disability What is the National Council on Disability (NCD)?

The National Council on Disability is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the administration, legal review, and advocacy for disabled and handicapped citizens of the United States of America; the provision of assistance measures and programs allow these individuals to establish self-sufficiency, adequate medical care, and financial assistance in the event that their respect ailment prevents them from undertaking employment within both private and public sectors:

NCD Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the NCD – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the NCD than its agency counterparts.The following details outline the structuring of the NCD:

The NCD was originally founded in 1978 as a sub-department within the United States Department of Education; however, subsequent to amendments passed within the Federal Rehabilitation Act in 1974, the NCD became an independent government agency

The headquarters of the NCD are located in Washington, D.C.

The NCD is administered by an executive board or council in lieu of a single managerial director; as a result, these board members are collectively responsible for votes expressed with regard to the approval or denial of any nature of legislative proposal – currently, Jonathon Young serves as the chairperson for the NCD

Independent Government Agencies

In contrast to non-independent government agencies, whose overseeing bodies may range from the Department of Justice to the Department of Education, independent government agencies, such as the NCD are not required to report to such a department. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the NCD – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction.

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the NCD

The foundation of the NCD was implemented in order to address matters concerning the disabled and handicapped citizenry of the United States of America; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the NCD:

Equal Opportunity and the NCD

The concept of Equal Opportunity as per the 14th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States both preserves and protects the rights of disabled individuals from bias, prejudice, and discrimination; a primary function of the NCD consists of the development and funding of programs established for the provision of aid and assistance for these individuals.

NCD: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the NCD resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the NCD below:

National Council on Disability

1331 F Street, NW – Suite 850

Washington, D.C.

20004

(202) 272-2004