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Understanding the Overseas Private Investment Corporation

Understanding the Overseas Private Investment Corporation What is the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC)?

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) is an Independent Federal Agency that undertakes measures of research and development both on a foreign and domestic basis; the goal of OPIC is to facilitate financial investments with regard to areas and locales in need of aid –the results of the activities of OPIC are considered to be mutually beneficial for both the area in receipt of assistance, as well as for the United States of America:

The area or region in receipt of the assistance provided by OPIC – ranging from reorganization methodology to research and development – allow for both the substantiation of a global community, as well as the implementation of economic stimulus; in many cases, areas subjected to natural disasters or catastrophes can receive assistance from OPIC in order to expedite the recovery process

In addition, OPIC is considered to be a self-sufficient Federal Agency that neither requires taxpayer funding, nor funding from the collective citizenry of the United States of America; as a result, the gains rendered from implanting foreign aid can result in both the receipt of domestic profit, as well as the creation of employment opportunities for American citizens

OPIC Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the OPIC – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the OPIC than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the OPIC, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the OPIC:

The OPIC was founded in 1971 under the Presidency of Richard Nixon
The headquarters of the OPIC are located in Washington, D.C.
Due to the fact that OPIC is a company owned by the Federal Government, Elizabeth L. Littlefield serves as the President and CEO of the company itself; she is assisted by a board of executives with regard to administration and decision making

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the over arching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration.

OPIC: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the OPIC resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard.

What you need to know about the Peace Corps

What you need to know about the Peace Corps  What is the Peace Corps?

The Peace Corps is both Federal Program mandated by the Federal Government of the United States of America undertaking United States citizen-provided volunteer work, as well as an independent federal agency; the primary objectives of the Peace Corps are the provision of developmental aid to areas, regions, and locales considered to be in need – these regions range from existing within the United States of America to foreign in nature.

Both the ideology and methodology implemented by the Peace Corps express the proliferation of global unity and assistance through the provision of volunteer-based services, reorganization, and development:

Peace Corps Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the Peace Corps – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the Peace Corps than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the Peace Corps, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the Peace Corps:

The Peace Corps was founded on March 21st, 1961 in accordance with the passing of the Peace Corps Act of 1961; this act served to establish the Peace Corps as a volunteer-based organization responsible for the provision nation and international aid

The headquarters of the Peace Corps are located in Washington, D.C.

The Peace Corps is administered by a director responsible for the management of both the agency, as well as the volunteer program; the director of the Peace Corps is Aaron S. Williams; however, in lieu of a single agency head, the Peace Corps are administered by a board of directors

Administration of the Peace Corps

The following are amongst some of the most noteworthy administration concerning the operation of the Peace Corps:

The inspector general of the Peace Corps is responsible for the regulation, investigation, and administrative oversight of the actions, structure, and behaviors of individual Peace Corps volunteers; in the event of a Peace Corps audit, the inspector general will undergo analytical investigation of a variety of events relating to the Peace Corps, ranging from the investigation of alleged illegal activity to the structuring of program reform

Paul Coverdell – for whom the headquarters of the Peace Corps are eponymously named – served as the executive director for the Peace Corps between the 1989 and 1991; he died while undertaking Senatorial Office on July 18th, 2000

Peace Corps: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the Peace Corps resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the Peace Corps below:
Peace Corps

Paul D. Coverdell Peace Corps Headquarters

1111 20th Street, NW

Washington, D.C. 20526

(800) 424-8580

Understanding the Postal Regulatory Commission

Understanding the Postal Regulatory CommissionWhat is the Postal Regulatory Commission (PRC)?

The Postal Regulatory Commission is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the regulation and administration of standards and practices required of the United States Postal Service; these responsibilities include the management of postage rates, as well as the assurance of operational standards. In 2006, the Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act was passed by former-President of the United States George W. Bush, which grants the PRC administrative jurisdiction over the USPS with regard to the regulation – and limitation – of rates of postage:

PRC Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the PRC – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the PRC than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the PRC, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the PRC:

The PRC was founded in 1970 in conjunction with the Postal Reorganization Act passed in the same year; this legislative act mandated and regulates terms and conditions with regard to establishment of postage rates, classifications, and delivery standards

The headquarters of the PRC are located in

The PRC is administered by 5 individuals comprising the commission itself; the commission is comprised of a chair, deputy chair, and 3 additional commissioners in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies

In contrast to non-independent government agencies, whose overseeing bodies may range from the Department of Energy to the Department of Transportation, independent government agencies, such as the PRC are not required to report to such a department. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the PRC – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction:

The United States Postal Service (USPS) and the PRC

The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent Federal Agency existing within the United States of America responsible for the administration, delivery, and management of mail, parcels, and packages; although there exist supplemental –and private institutions that also undertake this service – the USPS is not only under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government, but also cited within the text of the United States Constitution.

PRC: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the PRC resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephone number of the PRC below:

Postal Regulatory Commission

901 New York Avenue, NW

Suite 200 Washington, D.C.

20268

(202) 789-6800

Understanding Railroad Retirement Board

Understanding Railroad Retirement Board What is the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB)?

The Railroad Retirement Board is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the management and oversight of retirement benefits furnished to Federal Railroad employees occupied within the United States of America; although the primary responsibilities of the Railroad Retirement Board address retirement funding and planning, the RRB is also responsible for the administration of a variety of supplemental benefits associated with railroad employment, such as on-site injury claims, worker’s compensation, and social security. Furthermore, the Railroad Retirement Board is responsible for the management of the following with regard to employment within the Federal Rail Road industry:

Medicare is government program that provides assistance to retired individuals who may be unable to furnish necessary payment for medical treatment

Unemployment claims and payments; due to the passing of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act passed in 2009, the Railroad Retirement Board undertakes the disbursement of unemployment insurance to railroad employees

RRB Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the RRB – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the RRB than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the RRB, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the RRB:

The RRB was founded in 1935

The headquarters of the RRB are located in Chicago, Illinois

The RRB is administered by Martin J. Dickman, who serves as the Inspector General – it is not uncommon for independent government agencies to include terms such as ‘Board’ in their respective title due to a group management structure in lieu of a single director

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the overarching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration. In contrast to non-independent government agencies, whose overseeing bodies may range from the Department of State to the Department of Treasury, independent government agencies, such as the RRB are not required to report to such a department.

However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the RRB – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – is under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction.

RRB: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the RRB resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the RRB below:

Railroad Retirement Board

844 North Rush Street

Chicago IL, 60611-2092

(877) 772-5772

A Guide to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence

A Guide to the Office of the Director of National IntelligenceWhat is the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI)?

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the administration, management, and operations of national intelligence with regard to the United States of America; intelligence – and counterintelligence – are informational strategic systems enacted by the Federal Government of the United States concerning the protection and preservation of the safety and wellbeing of the collective citizenship of the United States of America. Intelligence as per managed by ODNI, may include the following facets:

Information conveying actions and activities of individuals or agencies – ranging from foreign to domestic in nature – presumed or proven to be rooted in the proliferation of harm, damage, or terror concerning the United States of America

The collection and management of structural databases, logs, and systems undertaking investigation, analysis, and observation information and details concerning illegal, unlawful, or illicit activities

The substantiation, validation, and enactment of preventative measures utilized in order to apprehend, deter, or eliminate any or all threats to national security

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the Office of the Director of National Intelligence – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence:

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence was founded on April 22nd, 2005; ODNI works closely with both the Department of Homeland Security, as well as the National Security Council – furthermore, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence serves as security advisors to the President of the United States of America

The headquarters of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence are located in McLean, Virginia

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence is directed by James R. Clapper; as per the requirements for the appointment to this office, which include either military or intelligence backgrounds, James Clapper served as lieutenant general upon serving in the United States Air Force

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the overarching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration.

In contrast to non-independent government agencies, whose overseeing bodies may range from the Department of Defense to the Department of Justice, independent government agencies, such as the Office of the Director of National Intelligence may not be required to report to such a department; you can contact ODNI through the following means:

Office of the Director of National Intelligence

CS5

Room 300

Washington, D.C.

20505

Quick Facts About The Public Broadcasting Service

Quick Facts About The Public Broadcasting ServiceWhat is the Public Broadcasting Service?

The Public Broadcasting Service is a non-profit public broadcasting television service in the United States that collectively possesses 354 member television stations in the country. Commonly known as PBS, the Public Broadcasting Service is the most prominent provider of programming to the United States public television stations, distributing various series such as Masterpiece, Frontline and the PBS NewsHour.

Dissimilar to the generic model of America’s commercial television networks, where affiliates give portions of their local advertising airtime in exchange for network programming, the Public Broadcasting Service’s member stations must pay substantial fees for the shows acquired and distributed by the national organization. This relationship simply means that all Public Broadcasting Service member stations have increased latitude in local scheduling when compared to their commercial counterparts.

Unlike PBS’s radio counterpart, the National Public Radio, PBS contains no central program production arm or news department. All programming carried by the Public Broadcasting Service, whether it be entertainment programming, documentaries or news, is created by other parties, such as individual member stations.

Public Broadcasting Service Quick Facts

The following details outline the administration of the Public Broadcasting Service:

The Public Broadcasting Service was founded on October 5, 1970

The Public Broadcasting Service is available nationwide and maintains a more localized feel than its commercial counterparts

The headquarters of the Public Broadcasting Service are located in Arlington, Virginia

The Public Broadcasting Service is responsible for the jurisdiction over the United States of America

The head of the Public Broadcasting Service is President and CEO Paula Kerger

What is an Independent Government Agency?

An independent agency of the United States Federal Government is a department or organization that exists outside of the federal executive departments or those headed by a Cabinet secretary. In a more specific sense, the term Independent Government Agency, is used to describe agencies that, while constitutionally operating within the executive branch, are free from presidential authority or control, as a result of the President’s limited membership within the agency.

Independent government agencies are established through separate statutes passed by the United States Congress; each respective statutory grant of authority will define the goals or mission that the agency must work towards, in addition to the substantive areas, if applicable, over which the Independent Agency may have the power of rulemaking. These agency regulations, when enforced, maintain the power of federal law.

Overview of the Federal Election Commission

Overview of the Federal Election CommissionWhat is the Federal Election Commission?

The Federal Election Commission is an independent regulatory agency of the United States Federal Government. The Federal Election Commission was founded in 1975, by the United States Congress, in an attempt to regulate the campaign finance legislation in American politics.

The Commission was formally created in a provision of the 1975 Amendment to the Federal Election Campaign Act; the provision within the legislation, describes the duties of the Commission as “to disclose campaign finance information, to enforce the provisions of the law such as the limits and prohibitions on contributions, and to oversee the public funding of Presidential elections.”

Duties of the Federal Election Commission:

The Federal Election Commission’s role is specifically limited to the administration of federal campaign finance laws; the Federal Election Commission will enforce limitations and prohibitions on contributions and expenditures, as well as investigate and prosecute violations of such laws. Furthermore, the Federal Election Commission may audit a limited number of campaigns and organizations for compliance issues and administer the presidential campaign fund, which provides for public funds to candidates for president and nominating conventions.

The Federal Election Commission will evaluate campaign spending and publish reports of the Senate, the House of Representatives and Presidential campaigns to affirm how much each campaign has raised and spent—a list of all donors over $200, along with each donor’s personal and contact information is required in the report.

Federal Election Commission Quick Facts

The following details outline the administration of the Federal Election Commission:

The Federal Election Commission was formed on October 15, 1974

The headquarters of the Federal Election Commission are located in Washington, D.C.

The Federal Election Commission is responsible for the jurisdiction over the Federal Government of the United 
States

The Federal Election Commission operates with roughly 340 employees

The head of the Federal Election Commission is Cynthia Bauerly

What is an Independent Government Agency?

An independent agency of the United States Federal Government is a department or organization that exists outside of the federal executive departments or those headed by a Cabinet secretary. In a more specific sense, the term Independent Government Agency, is used to describe agencies that, while constitutionally operating within the executive branch, are free from presidential authority or control, as a result of the President’s limited membership within the agency.

Independent government agencies are established through separate statutes passed by the United States Congress; each respective statutory grant of authority will define the goals or mission that the agency must work towards, in addition to the substantive areas, if applicable, over which the Independent Agency may have the power of rulemaking. These agency regulations, when enforced, maintain the power of federal law.

A Guide to the Office of Government Ethics

A Guide to the Office of Government EthicsWhat is the Office of Government Ethics (OGE)?

The Office of Government Ethics is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the investigation and management of the maintenance of ethical behavior and decorum undertaken by the Federal Government of the United States of America; although related Federal departments address a variety of legal and ethical matters, the OGE primarily focuses on employee/employer relations existing with regard to employ under the Federal Government. Amongst the bulk of the responsibility undertaken by the OGE, the management of conflict resolution and procedural restrictions of the Federal Government are common:

OGE Quick Facts

Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the OGE – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the OGE than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the OGE, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration.

The following details outline the structuring of the OGE:

The OGE was founded in 1978 in conjunction with the Ethics in Government Act of 1978, which was passed in the wake of the Watergate Scandal involving former-President Richard Nixon; due to deceit experienced by a multitude of American Citizens, the passing of this act required government employees to not only disclose their respective employment history, but also the employment history of their immediate relatives and family members

The headquarters of the OGE are located in Washington, D.C.

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the overarching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the OGE – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction.

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the OGE

The foundation of the OGE was implemented in order to address matters concerning
The following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the OGE:

‘Whistleblowers’ and the OGE

The OGE administers the oversight and prevention of the Whistleblower Protection Act, which serves as legal protection for individuals under the employ of the Federal government who have come forward with information revealing presumed unethical, illegal, unlawful activity and dealings; in the event that an ethical quandary arises with regard to the professional relationship shared by employees and employers of the Federal Government, the OGE will enact an investigation.

OGE: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the OGE resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages its citizens, including the administration of government programs, the administration and operation of government agencies, and the establishment of a legal, regulatory federal standard – you can find both the primary address and telephones number of the OGE below:

United States Office of Government Ethics

1201 New York Avenue, NW
Suite 500

Washington, D.C.
 20005
(202) 482-9300

A Guide to the Office of Personnel Management

A Guide to the Office of Personnel Management

What is the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)?
The Office of Personnel Management is an Independent Federal Agency that undertakes the regulation, oversight, and administration of Civil Service employment within the Federal Government of the United States of America; Civil Service is defined a non-military government employment that is furnished – or – awarded – in conjunction with the individual merit of that individual applicant.
Due to the fact that the notion of Civil Service has undergone a tumultuous history, the OPM was enacted in order to ensure fairness, equality, and constitutionality with regard to both administrative and hiring process concerning American Civil Service:

The History of Civil Service

In 1883 – following the assassination of President James A. Garfield, which occurred at the hands of Charles Guiteau – legislative reform was enacted with regard to the appointment and hiring processes regarding Civil Service employment. Charles Guiteau was rejected from his attempt to be employed under a Civil Service position under the Presidency of James Garfield; as a result of his rejection with regard to the presumed bias in the decision-making process, he shot and killed President Garfield.
As a result, the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act was passed in order to both deter the unfortunate events latent within the Garfield Assassination, as well as provide for procedural reform:
Civil Service examinations were required by all applicants
Civil Service employees were prohibited from the appointment, as well as the termination mandated by elected officials


OPM Quick Facts
Independent Federal Agencies are typically without a single director or executive; in contrast, independent government agencies – such as the OPM – are overseen by an executive directorial board; due to this fact, the Executive Branch retains less managerial oversight of the OPM than its agency counterparts. Although the President of the United States retains administrative jurisdiction over the OPM, the presence of a committee of directors allows for a decreased executive authority over hiring, staffing, and administration. The following details outline the structuring of the OPM:
The OPM was founded on January 1st, 1979 following the passing of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, which instituted regulatory reform relating to Civil Service upon further modifying the required, merit-based hiring and promotion processes
The headquarters of the OPM are located in Washington, D.C.
The OPM is administered by a director John Berry; however, the directorial methodology of the OPM is overseen by an executive board

Independent Government Agencies
Independent Government Agencies are specific organizations and bureaus under the overarching jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States; however, these independent agencies are typically without a specified Department responsible for their respective oversight and administration. However, while non-independent government agencies are classified as existing under the jurisdiction of the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial branches, the OPM – as well as the bulk of independent government agencies – are under varying degrees of the Executive branch’s jurisdiction.

OPM: Legal Information and Further Assistance
Please find both the primary address and telephones number of the OPM below:
United States Office of Personnel Management
1900 E Street NW
Washington, D.C. 20415
(202) 606-1800

Understanding the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)

Understanding the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)What is the International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB)?

The International Broadcasting Bureau is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the provision of service for the Voice of America broadcast, as well as additional international news syndication broadcasts; the IBB is responsible for maintenance and service concerning all federal broadcasts non-military in nature:

IBB Quick Facts

The following details outline the structuring of the IBB:
The IBB was founded in 1994 as a result of the passing of the International Broadcasting Act, which created federal statutes and regulatory legislation concerning non-military, federal broadcasts

The headquarters of the IBB and BBG are located in Washington, D.C.
The IBB is under the jurisdiction of the Broadcasting Board of Governors, which is the Independent Federal Agency responsible for the oversight and administration of all Federal broadcasts – excluding military broadcasts – intended for accessed by both the American public, as well as the collective global community

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the IBB

The foundation of the IBB was implemented in order to address matters concerning international broadcasts of Federal transmissions fashion for public consumption; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the IBB:

Voice of America

Voice of America is an international broadcast mandated by the Federal Government of the United States, which is comprised of 5 individual programs, which undergo transmission through radio airways, virtual transmission, and televised programming; the content of Voice of America includes reporting of global and international news implemented to promote global unity and understanding throughout the international community. Currently, Voice of America – through the administration of the IBB and BBG – is transmitted in upwards of 40 languages.