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The Export Import Bank of the United States

The Export Import Bank of the United StatesWhat is the Export-Import Bank of the United States?

The Export-Import Bank of the United States is the official export credit agency of the United States federal government. The Export-Import Bank of the United States was formally established in 1934 by Congress through an executive order. The institution is an independent agency located within the Executive branch and is responsible for financing and insuring foreign purchases of United States goods for those individuals who are unable or unwilling to accept credit risk.

The primary mission of the Export-Import bank of the United States is to create and sustain domestic jobs by financing sales of U.S. exports to international buyers. Through a variety of loan guarantee and insurance programs, which are made available to any American export firm regardless of size, the Export-Import Bank of the United States aids the export of American goods and services.

The financial institution is chartered as a government corporation by the United States Congress; the Charter officials spell out the Bank’s authorities and limitations. Among such rulings is the principle that the Export Import Bank of the United States shall not compete with private sector lenders, but rather provide financing for transactions that would otherwise not take place because the respective commercial lenders would be unable or unwilling to accept the political or financial risks inherent with the deal.

The Export-Import Bank of the United States aims to create and sustain jobs through the implementation of various loan-guarantee and insurance incentives through the administration of several small business programs.

Export-Import Bank of the United States Quick Facts

The following details outline the administration of the Export-Import Bank of the United States:

The Export-Import Bank of the United States was established on February 2 of 1934

The headquarters of the Export-Import Bank of the United States are located in Washington, D.C.

The Export-Import Bank of the United States is responsible for the jurisdiction over the United States Federal Government
The head of the Export-Import Bank of the United States is Fred Hochberg

The Export-Import Bank of the United States operates with roughly 400 employees

What is an Independent Government Agency?


An independent agency of the United States Federal Government is a department or organization that exists outside of the federal executive departments or those headed by a Cabinet secretary. In a more specific sense, the term Independent Government Agency, is used to describe agencies that, while constitutionally operating within the executive branch, are free from presidential authority or control, as a result of the President’s limited membership within the agency.

Independent government agencies are established through separate statutes passed by the United States Congress; each respective statutory grant of authority will define the goals or mission that the agency must work towards, in addition to the substantive areas, if applicable, over which the Independent Agency may have the power of rulemaking. These agency regulations, when enforced, maintain the power of federal law.

A Guide to the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board

A Guide to the President’s Intelligence Advisory BoardWhat is the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board?

The President’s Intelligence Advisory Board is a Federal agency that operates within the United States of America that is responsible for providing advice to the President concerning the quality and adequacy of intelligence collection, of estimates and analysis, as well as counterintelligence issues and other intelligence-related activities.

In summation, the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board acts as the formal advisory resource to the Executive Office of the President of the United States. The majority of the board’s work is kept secret; however, arguably the most public investigation involved the loss of U.S. nuclear codes and secrets to China from the Los Alamos National Laboratory during the 1990s.

President’s Intelligence Advisory Board Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board:

The President’s Intelligence Advisory Board was founded in 1956 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

The headquarters of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board are located in the White House in Washington D.C.

The head of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board is chaired by Chuck Hagel and David Boren

The President’s Intelligence Advisory Board possesses those members chosen by the President of the United States; each administration will have a different number of members. Currently, under Barack Obama, the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board consists of nine members: Chuck Hagel and David Boren chair the board and Roel Campos, Lee Hamilton, Rita Hauser, Paul Kaminski, Ellen Laipson, Les Lyles and Jami Miscik comprise the rest of the agency.

History of the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board:

Originally known as the President’s Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities, the President’s Intelligence Advisory Board was initially created in 1956 by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Following this initial creation, President John F. Kennedy later renamed the department to the President’s Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board on May 4, 1961. Most recently, the agency was renamed by President George W. Bush to its present name on February 28, 2008.

 One of the primary functions of the Intelligence Advisory Board is to examine violations of the laws and directives which govern clandestine surveillance. The Intelligence Advisory Board receives quarterly and annual reports from several US intelligence activities. That being said, in an executive order issued by George W. Bush in February of 2008, formally terminated the agency’s authority to oversee the general counsel and inspector general of each U.S. intelligence agency.

This move subsequently erased the requirement that each inspector general file a report with the Intelligence Advisory Board every three months. Additionally, the order also removed the Intelligence Advisory Board’s authority to refer a matter to the Justice Department for a criminal investigation and directed the Intelligence Advisory Board to formally notify the President of the United States of a problem only if other officials are not adequately addressing the situation.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.
The President’s Intelligence Advisory Board functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development CorporationWhat is the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation?

The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation is an agency that operates within the United States Federal Government’s Department of Transportation. As an agency of the Executive Branch, the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Center maintains fundamental and critical functions that are necessary for the sustainment of efficient and safe travel by sea.

More specifically, the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation is responsible for promoting safe and streamlined movement of marine traffic through the U.S.-owned and operated facilities positioned on the Saint Lawrence Seaway, which consists of 2 of the 15 locks between Lake Erie and Montreal.

The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation plays a vital role in ensuring that the water passageway remains a safe and well-managed system, which the United States shares with its Canadian counterpart, the Saint Lawrence Seaway Management Corporation.

Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation Quick Facts

The following details outline the administration of the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation:
The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation was created by statute on May 13, 1954 to construct, operate and maintain the part of the St. Lawrence Seaway between the Port of Montreal and Lake Erie
The headquarters of the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation are located in Washington D.C.; Operations are located at the two U.S. Seaway locks (Eisenhower and Snell) in Massena, NY
The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation is responsible for the jurisdiction over the St. Lawrence River way

Government Agency of the Executive Branch

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

A Guide to the Washington Headquarters Service

A Guide to the Washington Headquarters Service

 

What is the Washington Headquarters Service?
The Washington Headquarters Service is a Federal agency within the United States Department of Defense. The Washington Headquarters Service acts as a streamlining initiative and maintains the core responsibility of supplying a service common to several military departments of the United States Armed Forces unit.

Prior to the creation of the Washington Headquarters Service, the Office of the Secretary of Defense was responsible for providing administrative support for several components of the Department of Defense located outside of the office. The Department of Defense wanted to remove these operating functions from the Office of the Secretary of Defense in order to refocus the staff and resources of the post on matters involving policy analysis and oversight. 
Facts concerning the Washington Headquarters Service:
The Washington Headquarters Services was established as an official sub-agency of the United States Department of Defense on October 1, 1977. The Washington Headquarters Services maintains roughly 1,300 staff employees who are organized into 7 Directorates and 2 offices. The Washington Headquarters Services are aligned under the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Director of Administration and Management.
Specifics Concerning the Washington Headquarters Service:
During the Department of Defense reform initiative, which took place over the past two decades prior to the establishment of the Washington Headquarters Services, the WHS became the agency of choice for DoD-support functions. The Washington Headquarters Services provides streamline administrative and operational support to several Defense Agencies within the United States Federal Government, as well as various Department of Defense Activities.

Furthermore, the Washington Headquarters Service also provides operational and administrative support to the White House, the military departments of the United States, and in some degree, the United States Congress.
As a result of these evolving and expanding initiatives, the Washington Headquarters Service grew from its original size of 327 personnel in 1977 to nearly 2,000 personnel in the mid-1990s. Currently, the office functions with approximately 1,300 civilian and military employees as well as nearly 2,000 contract employees.
David Cooke assumed the role as the first Director of the Washington Headquarters Service; at this time, Mr. Cooke also acted as the Director of Administration and Management for the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Following Cooke’s death in June of 2002, Raymond DuBois assumed the role of Director of Administration and Management, while serving concurrently as the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense.

In January of 2004, these positions separated; the position of Director of Administration and Management is now regarded as a political appointment while the Director of the Washington Headquarters Service is a Senior Executive position. In present times, Michael Rhodes serves concurrently as the Deputy DA&M and the Director of the Washington Headquarters Service. If you need legal advice and assistance, contact Washington lawyers.

At A Glance Department of State Overview

At A Glance Department of State Overview

State Department Background

The term “State Department” is usually used to refer to the United States State Department, which operates on a Federal level. However, there are also state-run organizations which adopt the title Department of State. While the Federal State Department is responsible for protecting American citizens traveling abroad, a state-operated Department of State must protect residents within that State.

State Department Jobs
The State Department is an extensive Government organization that employs individuals in many locations throughout the world. Therefore, there are a variety of different positions that must be filled in order for this organization to operate effectively. If an individual desires an exciting and rewarding career, he/she should consider State Department jobs. 

State Department Travel Warnings
A regularly updated US State Department travel warnings list is issued in order to help protect United States citizens traveling abroad. The countries that are included on the State Department travel warnings list should be avoided by U.S. citizens. There are currently many countries included on the State Department travel list due to instability and high incidences of violent crime.

New York State Department of State
The New York Department of State is responsible for regulating the business sector in the State of New York by providing certain businesses with examinations and licensing requirements. It maintains files on businesses that function in New York. The NY Department of State also seeks to enhance living conditions throughout the State.

Pennsylvania Department of State
The Pennsylvania Department of State seeks to ensure that all resident of Pennsylvania remain secure and protect. They accomplish this goal by enforcing pertinent policies and creating new policies when necessary. The PA Department of State is responsible for regulating the economic sector, overseeing certain sporting events, and licensing professionals.

3 Questions About the United States Code

3 Questions About the United States Code

What is the United States Code?
The United States Code or Code of Laws of the United States of America is a compilation and subsequent codification of the general and permanent federal laws of the nation. The United States Code contains 50 titles and 4 proposed titles; the United States Code is published every six years by the Office of the Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives.
How is a Code Processed?
The United States Code affirms all acts of Congress and other government enactments. The official text of an Act of Congress is first presented to the President of the United States for his signature or disapproval. When enacted into a law, the original bill is delivered to the Office of the Federal Register, operating within the National Archives and Records Administration for authorization purposes.
Once authorization is affirmed from the Office of the Federal Register, copies are distributed in the form of “slip laws” by the Government Printing Office. Following this, the Archivist will assemble annual volumes of the enacted laws and publish them as the United States Statutes at Large. According to administrative law, this publication acts as legal evidence of the laws enacted by Congress. 
Although these documents serve as formal legal evidence, Statutes at Large are not convenient in regards to analyzing for legal research; the documents are arranged strictly by chronological order, so that statutes addressing related topics are scattered across a number of volumes. The United States Code, is thus, an effort to make finding relevant statutes simpler by reorganizing them by subject matter and terminating amended or expired sections.
The United States Code is preserved and updated by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives. The Law Revision Counsel is responsible for determining which statutes should be codified and which existing statutes are affected by amendments, repeals or have expired as a result of their own terms.


How to search using the United States Code?
As a result of the codification process, a single named statute may or may not appear in a single place within the United States code. Often, the United States Code will feature complex legislation bundles and a series of provisions together as a means of addressing a social or governmental problem; these provisions will often be placed in different, yet logical, areas of the United States Code. For instance, a bill providing relief for family farms will invariably affect numerous subjects, from taxation, to laws on public lands.
As a result of this, when the bill is placed into the United States Code, its various provisions will be placed in different parts of those sections. In most cases, the individual sections of a statute are incorporated into the United States Code exactly as they are enacted; however, in some cases editorial alterations are made by the LRC to re-organize them. 

Quick Facts about the U.S. Capitol Police Department

Quick Facts about the U.S. Capitol Police Department

What is the United States Capitol Police Department (USCP)?
The United States Capitol Police Department is a Federal Agency founded in 1828 resulting from an attack made onto the son of President John Quincy Adams, which took place on the perimeter of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.; as a result, a Federal, executive mandate was set forth establishing the USCP as a Federal Department tasked with preserving and protecting individuals on the premises of the Nation’s Capitol.
However, the USCP has undergone a multitude of adjustment and modification with regard to the determination of the primary responsibilities undertaken and expected of this Federal Agency; currently, the USPC is responsible for the protection of the members of Congress – the jurisdiction of the USCP spans any location within the United States of America within which a Congressperson is located:

USCP Quick Facts
The USCP is under the jurisdiction of the Legislative Branch of the Federal Government of the United States. Legislative Federal Agencies are responsible for the development and formulation of operational legislation existing within the United States of America; within the structure of the Legislative Branch of the Federal Government of the United States exist both the United states Senate and the House of Representatives – these 2 institutions comprise the United States Congress. The following details outline the structuring of the USCP:
The headquarters of the USCP are located in Washington, D.C. on the premises of the Capitol Compound
The chief of the USCP is Philip D. Morse


Government Agencies Under the Jurisdiction of the Legislative Branch
Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.
The USCP functions as a government agency under the Legislative Branch of the United States government, which 1 of 3 total branches comprising the structure of the Federal government; in addition to the Legislative branch – which is responsible for the development and formulation of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Executive and Judicial Branches:

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the USCP
The foundation of the USCP was implemented in order to address matters concerning public safety and law enforcement within the jurisdiction of the Capitol Compound; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the USCP:

USCP: Legal Information and Further Assistance

The operation and administration of the USCP resides under the jurisdiction of the legal field classified as Administrative Law; this genre of law is primarily associated with events and circumstances in which the Federal Government of the United States engages with the collective citizenry of the United States of America. General Inquiry – as well as recruitment questions – can be directed to the address and phone number listed below:
119 D Street, NE
Washington, D.C. 20510

Understanding the United States Capitol Guide Service

Understanding the United States Capitol Guide Service

What is the United States Capitol Guide Service (USCGS)?
The United States Capitol Guide Service is a Federal Agency responsible for the administration and operation of guided tours offered to individuals wishing to visit the capitol compound located in Washington, D.C., which includes both the interior and perimeter of the Capitol Building; the tours offered to the nation’s Capitol typically include the following features:
Individuals wishing to visit the Capitol are given the opportunity to not only sightsee around the perimeter of the Capitol Building, but also observe many of the most important and famous legislative documentation within the history of the United States of America, including the Declaration of Independence, The Bill of Rights, and the Constitution of the United States of America

USCGS Quick Facts

The USCGS is under the jurisdiction of the Legislative Branch of the Federal Government of the United States. Legislative Federal Agencies are responsible for the development and formulation of operational legislation existing within the United States of America; within the structure of the Legislative Branch of the Federal Government of the United States exist both the United states Senate and the House of Representatives – these 2 institutions comprise the United States Congress. The following details outline the structuring of the USCGS:
The USCGS was established in accordance with the development of United States Code 2166 (U.S.C. 2166) within which Congress instituted guided tours of the nation’s Capitol Compound located in Washington, D.C.; the terms and conditions expressed with regard individuals desiring to visit the capitol state that the tours are required to be free of charge
The headquarters of the USCGS are located in Washington, D.C. on the grounds of the Capitol Compound
The USCGS is administered by the Architect oh the Capitol, which is a position currently undertaken by Director Stephen T. Ayers; the Architect of the Capitol is responsible for the direction, management, and general maintenance of Federal structures location within the Capitol Compound – with regard to the operation of the USCGS and individuals wishing to visit the Capitol, the Architect of the Capitol ensures that these facilities are both maintained, protected, and preserved


Government Agencies under the Jurisdiction of the Legislative Branch
Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government:
The USCDG functions as a government agency under the Legislative Branch of the United States government, which 1 of 3 total branches comprising the structure of the Federal government; in addition to the Legislative branch – which is responsible for the development and formulation of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Executive and Judicial Branches

USCGS: Legal Information and Further Assistance
The following are both the primary address and telephones number of the USCGS below:
Visit the Capitol
245 First Street, SW
Washington, D.C.
20024
(202) 226-8000

Federal Housing Finance Agency

Federal Housing Finance AgencyWhat is the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA)?

The Federal Housing Finance Agency is an Independent Federal Agency responsible for the regulation of housing policy enacted within the United States of America; the FHFA was established as a result of a several agencies previously responsible for the oversight of regulatory standards concerning mortgage rates, terms, conditions, pricing and valuation – the FHFA is under the legislative jurisdiction of the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, which is the primary Federal Agency assuming jurisdiction over the entirety of legal affairs relating to housing within the United States:

The Federal Housing Finance Agency is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government. The Federal housing Finance Agency was created as the successor regulatory agency resulting from the merger of the Federal Housing Finance Board, the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight and the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development government-sponsored enterprise mission team. This merger effectively absorbed the powers and regulatory authority of the aforementioned entities, while expanding legal and regulatory authority, to include the ability to place government sponsored enterprises into receivership or conservatorship.

What was the Federal House Finance Board?

The Federal House Finance Board, which later became the Federal Housing Finance Agency, was established in 1989 following the savings and loan crisis. In response to such an event, the Federal Housing Finance Board was responsible for assuming oversight of the Federal Home Loan Banks; as a result, the primary responsibility of the agency was to provide oversight to the twelve regional Federal home Loan Banks, which are privately-held government sponsored enterprises that ensure the supply of funds to local lenders, that in turn, finance loans for home mortgages.

The Federal House Finance Board was headquartered in Washington, D.C. and led by a five member board; four of the board members were appointed by the President of the United States for seven-year terms and the fifth member is either the Secretary of Housing and Urban development or the Secretary’s designee. The Federal House Finance Board was entirely funded by fees assessed to Federal Home Bank Loans and did not directly receive taxpayer funds.

What is an Independent Government Agency?

An independent agency of the United States Federal Government is a department or organization that exists outside of the federal executive departments or those headed by a Cabinet secretary. In a more specific sense, the term Independent Government Agency, is used to describe agencies that, while constitutionally operating within the executive branch, are free from presidential authority or control, as a result of the President’s limited membership within the agency.

Independent government agencies are established through separate statutes passed by the United States Congress; each respective statutory grant of authority will define the goals or mission that the agency must work towards, in addition to the substantive areas, if applicable, over which the Independent Agency may have the power of rulemaking. These agency regulations, when enforced, maintain the power of federal law.

FHFA Quick Facts

Structure of the FHFA:

The FHFA was founded in 2008 upon the passing of the Housing and Economic Recovery Act passed in the same year, which served to combat the presumed financial instability latent within the American housing market; this act allowed the FHFA to furnish upwards of $300 billion in order to stimulate the preservation, creation, and protection of 30-year fixed rate mortgages undertaken

The headquarters of the FHFA are located in Washington, D.C.

The director of the FHFA is James Lockhart

Independent Government Agencies

Independent Government Agencies, such as the FHFA are classified as Federal Agencies absent of a primary director or managerial agency responsible for their respective administration; while a solidified bureaucratic directorial structure exists within these types of government agencies, administrative operations are undertaken through the implementation of a board of executives or chairpersons with regard to the determination of legislation, the development of procedure and protocol, and the democratic implementation of standards and practices applicable to the objectives of that agency:

Issues and Affairs Undertaken by the FHFA

The foundation of the FHFA was implemented in order to address matters concerning the national housing policy within the United States; the following legal and administrative matters and affairs are most commonly related to the operation of the FHFA:

In 2008, the FHFA assumed the responsibility of restructuring and reorganizing 2 of the largest publicly-traded secondary mortgage corporations within the United States – Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac; as a result of the presumed financial insolubility and perceived inoperability of these 2 institutions, the FHA undertook the furnishing of reinforced financial backing for securities and assets

Upon this takeover, the FHFA assumed control of both the administrative board of both Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae, as well as the control of the executive board; as a result, the FHFA petitioned the Department of Treasury in order to garner funding intended to rectify the previous financial insolvency of the 2 institutions 

Contacting the Federal Housing Agency:

Federal Housing Finance Agency

1700 G Street, NW – 4th Floor

Washington, D.C. 

20552 

(202) 414-3800

Quick Overview of the Office of the Legal Adviser

Quick Overview of the Office of the Legal AdviserWhat is the Office of the Legal Adviser?

The Office of the Legal Adviser is a government agency within the United States Department of State. The Office of the Legal Adviser was created by an Act of Congress in February of 1931 to formally provide a rank equivalent to that of an Assistant Secretary. The Legal Adviser replaced the Solicitor, a Department of Justice employee who had previously functioned as the Department of State’s chief legal officer since the late 1800’s.

Between the year of 1870 and 1891, the Examiner of Claims was the position that had been the chief legal officer of the Department. Since then, however, the office has been revamped; the current Office of the Legal Adviser is responsible for providing legal advice on all problems, both domestic and international, that arise in the course of the Department’s general activities.

The decisions rendered by this office and the solicitors and Examiners of Claims are represented statute officials of the Department of Justice who possess the distinct authority to adjudicate such claims. The Legal Adviser heads the United States Department of State Office of the Legal Adviser. The individual is required to receive appointment from the President of the United States; subsequent to selection, the individual must be approved by the United States Senate.

Office of the Legal Adviser Quick Facts

The following details outline the administration of the Office of the Legal Adviser:

The Office of the Legal Adviser was founded in 1931

The headquarters of the Office of the Legal Adviser are located in Washington, D.C.

The Office of the Legal Adviser is responsible for the jurisdiction over the Federal Government of the United States

The head of the Office of the Legal Adviser is Harold Koh, who was held office since June 25, 2009

The Inaugural holder of the position was Green Hackworth

Government Agency of the Executive Branch

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The Office of the Legal Adviser functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.