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The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry

The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry

 


The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry

 

The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is an nonprofit organization founded in 1867 concerned with helping rural American families. The major focus of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is on issues related to agriculture. The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry describes itself as a non-political organization. There are four tiers of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, which operates on a community, county or district, state and national level. The organization regularly conducts fundraising activities to assist in the implementation of local projects.

 

The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry has been involved with a number of legislative and practical initiatives throughout its history. One of its current priorities is addressing problems with the Independent Patient Advisory Board, which is in charge of finding ways to reduce the cost of Medicare. The position of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is that this federal board has been granted excessive authority and is likely to result in the loss of rural jobs in the medical industry.

 

Another current priority of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is reforming the US Postal System. Currently, the US Postal System is experiencing financial difficulties primarily due to a large decrease in the amount of physical mail sent. The position of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is that immediate reforms are needed in the operation of the Postal Service, which is vital as both an employer in rural areas and a provider of mail to rural residents.

 

Another current priority of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is to agitate for open auctions of spectrum frequencies used for wireless technology. The position of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry is that open auctions should be held soon by the Federal Communications Commission, which must also implement strict guidelines to avoid favoritism and ensure that the highest possible sale price is obtained. This is important to The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, which is concerned with providing greater access to high-speed wireless technology to rural areas.

 

Another current priority of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry concerns the regulation of pesticides used against mosquitoes and other flying insects, to control aquatic pests and weeds, and those used in the control of forest canopy pests. The passage of a new law amending the already in effect Clean Water Act has created requirements for compliance which many states will be unable to prepare for in time. It is the position of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry that Congress must pass legislation to amend the Clean Water Act to protect farms from large fines.

National Collegiate Athletic Association

National Collegiate Athletic Association

 


National Collegiate Athletic Association

 

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (commonly abbreviated NCAA) is a private non-profit organization which organizes intercollegiate athletics in the United States and Canada. Founded in 1905, the National Collegiate Athletic Association has been involved in several controversial lawsuits.

 One major case involving the National Collegiate Athletic Association occurred in the 1984 Supreme Court case of NCAA v. Board of Regents of Univ. of Oklahoma. The case concerned the right of member universities of the NCAA to negotiate their own television contracts concerning the broadcast of college football games. In 1953, the National Collegiate Athletic Association created a Football Television Committee whose purpose was to negotiate the broadcast of collegiate football games. This committee restricted the number of games of each school which could be broadcast, as well as stipulating that the proceeds generated by advertising revenue during these broadcasts would be split between the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the colleges in question.

 

Due to dissatisfaction with the terms negotiated and imposed by the Football Television Committee, several major football programs formed their own alternative organization, named the College Football Association, which proceeded to negotiate a new contract for its member schools with the NBC television network. The National Collegiate Athletic Association announced in response that schools participating in this contract would face sanctions in all of their sports programs. As a result, the University of Oklahoma and the University of Georgia filed a lawsuit in Oklahoma district court with the purpose of obtaining an injunction preventing such punitive actions.

 

After a series of lower court hearings, the case was argued before the Supreme Court in March of 1984. A ruling was issued in June of that year in favor of the College Football Association. In its majority ruling, the court that the actions taken by the National Collegiate Athletic Association constituted restrained its member schools for reasons that were not reasonable and which violated the Sherman Antitrust Act. The National Collegiate Athletic Association argued in court that its actions were justifiable because they made college football programs more competitive. However, the Supreme Court ruled that this was not the case.

 

As a result of this ruling, the National Collegiate Athletic Association lost total control of television broadcast rights, allowing schools to negotiate fees for the broadcast of their games. An initial decline in revenue generated was soon reversed.

 

Another lawsuit against the National Collegiate Athletic Association concerning antitrust laws occurred in 2007, when several former student-athletes filed a lawsuit claiming that the organization's restrictions on athletes receiving full scholarships was a violation of the law. They argued that if this restriction was lifted, schools could be competitive in offering complete scholarships in athletes, benefitting both the students and the school programs. The court ruled in favor of the students, thereby placing an end to these restrictions. However, controversy is still widespread regarding the perceived unresponsiveness of the National Collegiate Athletic Association to member complaints.

SAHA

SAHA

What is SAHA?
SAHA (short for the San Antonio Housing Authority) is a state agency committed to building and maintaining affordable housing units for the citizens of the greater San Antonio area. SAHA aims to create a safe neighborhood environment by partnering with individuals and organizations to provide education, housing and employment opportunities for low-income families in the area. The broader goal of SAHA, through the delivery of these resources, is to bolster those families of modest means to become self-serving and efficient community members. 
SAHA believes homeownership is one of the most efficient ways for families to establish self-sufficiency. The goal of the organization, in general, is to improve the lives of those less fortunate in the area. SAHA partners with local mortgage lenders and local financial institutions to develop programs aimed at helping low-income families secure their own dwellings. 
SAHA is a public housing agency, bound by Federal and State laws. SAHA is actively managed by a seven-member Board of Commissioners. Members of the board are appointed by the Mayor of the city, to serve two-year terms, with a limit of three terms. The Board of Commissioners will determine and interpret the policies that govern the San Antonio Housing Authority, subject to the limits and mandates imposed by state and federal law. Commissioners of SAHA will receive no compensation; however, the individuals are entitled to receive expenses, including travel costs, incurred for the discharge of their official duties.  
SAHA: Public Housing Ownership Program
SAHA’s Public Housing Homeownership Program aids low to moderate income families purchase SAHA sponsored homes. The program offers said homes to low or moderate income families with income at 30% or below 80% of the city’s median income. All families must satisfy Home and Urban Development regulations related to ownership cost-to-income ratios. Moreover, families must be first-time homebuyer’s or have not owned a home within the last three years.
If these requirements are fulfilled, candidates must then pass a homebuyer’s training or counseling workshop and qualify and subsequently obtain a VA, FHA or traditional mortgage loan. Candidates must also provide a down payment equal to least one percent of the home’s sales price. Home prices under this program of the SAHA range from $71,500 to $85,000. To be eligible for homes under this program a candidate must meet the following eligibility requirements:
Be a former Springview or Mirasol resident/homeowner
Participate in the Family Self-Sufficiency Program
Be a public housing resident
Member of the Section 8 Housing Assistance residents
Be a family on the Public housing waiting list
Be classified as a low to moderate income family

KCHA

KCHA

What is the KCHA?
The KCHA or King County Housing Authority is a Washington state-run agency that plays a key role in providing affordable housing options for residents of King County. Since it was created in 1939, KCHA, through its partnerships with nonprofit organizations and local communities, provides affordable housing options and support services (educational resources, social services and job training) to approximately 50,000 residents who earn below the state’s median income. 
KCHA provides the aforementioned resources to approximately 20,000 households in 23 suburban towns and cities. King County, with a population of approximately 2 million people, is currently the 14th most populous county in the United States.
Since the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development began recording statistics on housing authorities in 1992, King County has been regarded as one of the nation’s “highest performers.” KCHA has earned a perfect score on the Housing and Urban Development’s Management Assessment scale for four consecutive years. The government developed the Housing Assessment System to evaluate housing authorities, gauging their performance in four fundamental areas: resident services, financial condition, physical condition of the homes and management operations. 
KCHA: Recent Construction Efforts
KCHA provides new housing units through detailed planning and subsequent construction efforts. In July of 2011, KCHA opened the doors to 25 new rental units at Seola Gardens. This community is equipped with an abundance of educational and recreational opportunities for the region’s children. North of this complex is the Greenbridge region, which is a newly constructed 900 rental lot and for-sale homes for a variety of household incomes. This community will feature schools, trails, parks, libraries and a community center. Moreover, KCHA spent over $55 million refurbishing the Birch Creek Apartments in East Kent. KCHA tore down the previous run-down apartment complex to build a new vibrant community with a central park and dozens of energy-efficient apartment homes with raised patios and pitched roofs. 
KCHA Portfolio:
KCHA actively owns and manages approximately 3,500 units of federally subsidized housing for families, people living with disabilities, the elderly and approximately 4,500 units of workforce dwellings, financed primarily through tax-exempt bonds and tax credits. An additional 9,800 units were developed through the Section 9 program, which subsidizes families to rent dwellings within the private sector. 
KCHA, in partnership with an assortment of local service agencies, provides an additional 130 units for transitional families and individuals with special needs. KCHA will provide repair and weatherization services to low-income families, owners of mobile homes and landlords who rent to income-eligible persons living in the county. KCHA will also provide tax-exempt financing to affordable and efficient housing developers in the region.

DCHA

DCHA

The District of Columbia Housing Authority, DCHA, is a division of the District of Columbia government whose mission it is to provide affordable housing to those individuals, and families with low to moderate income levels.  The DCHA is, essentially, the largest landlord in the District of Columbia, offering 8,000 apartments and townhouses on 56 locations throughout the District of Columbia, Alexandria, and Arlington.  The DCHA serves more than 20,000 people in the District of Columbia.  
Eligibility
In order to be eligible for housing through the DCHA the applicant must meet specific income and family size requirements.  When you file your application you will be asked a number of questions about certain aspects of your family including: income; past criminal history; rental history; and family composition.  The income standards for eligibility require a single family to have an income of less than $21,750 and an 8 person family to have an income of less than $41,000.  If you are eligible for DCHA housing then you will be put on a waiting list that gives priority based on need and on other characteristics.  Preference for DCHA housing is given to working families; then to the elderly and disabled.
Individuals who qualify for DCHA housing will be required to pay 30% of their gross annual salary towards rent and utilities.  For example, if a family living in DCHA housing makes $1,000 a month they will be required to pay $333 a month for rent and utilities.
Application
The application process for DCHA public housing is a long form that includes information on family composition, income, former housing locations, etc.  To download an application you should go to www.dchousing.org or go to the client placement center at:
1133 North Capitol St. NE
Washington, D.C. 20002
If you are having trouble with the application process you may reach a representative of the Client Placement Center at 202-435-3245.
DCHA Resident Support
Aside from supplying housing to low and moderate income families the DCHA also offers support for those residents of DCHA housing for job training, literacy, and parenting programs.  The following organizations work with the DCHA to help individuals meet these needs.  
1. Family Enhancement Center at Lincoln Heights (202) 724-8627
2. Park Morton Neighborhood Network Center (202)576-3113
3. Garfield Neighborhood Network Center (202) 234-3657
You can also find a list of other organizations at www.dchousing.org

THA

NYCHA

NYCHA

The NYCHA, New York City Housing Authority, has the mission of providing decent and affordable housing to individuals and families in a secure living environment for low to moderate income families within the five boroughs.  The NYCHA, not only offers housing, but also offers educational, community and recreational opportunities to residents of NYCHA housing; including job training programs.  The NYCHA is the largest public housing authority in the United States with over 175,000 apartments available for those individuals and families eligible for public housing.
Application
In order to apply for public housing assistance from the NYCHA you must request an application from the NYCHA.  You will not be able to apply for NYCHA housing online.  You can order a public assistance housing application in one of three ways.  First, you can call 718-707-7771 and request an application be sent to your home; secondly, you may fill out an application request form at www.housingauthority.nyc.gov; lastly, you can mail an application request form to one of the three customer contact centers.  These three mailing addresses are:
Bronx/Manhattan Customer Contact Center
478 East Fordham Rd. , 2nd floor
Bronx, NY 10458
Brooklyn/Staten Island Customer Contact Center
787 Atlantic Ave., 2nd floor
Brooklyn, NY 11238
Queens Customer Contact Center
90-27 Sutphin Blvd., 4th floor
Jamaica, NY 11435
Once you have received your application form from NYCHA you will be asked to enter information based on your total household income, family size and current living situation.  You will be asked to request two boroughs of choice for possible admittance into public housing through the NYCHA.  Waiting lists for housing in Manhattan and Queens are longer than those in other boroughs.  These completed applications should be mailed to:
New York City Housing Authority
P.O. Box 19205
Long Island City, NY 11101-9998
The next step after sending you completed application is to await an interview with the NYCHA to discuss your eligibility for public housing.  Waiting periods for an interview can be long and if you have not received an interview for an interview a year after you have applied you may lose your place in line.  In order to avoid this you must file a new application within 30 days of the expiration of the 1 year anniversary of filing your NYCHA application.
Eligibility
In order to be eligible for housing under the NYCHA you must meet a number of requirements.  You must: 
1. meet the definition of “family” which is one of the following:
a. two or more people related by blood, marriage, domestic partnership, adoption, guardianship, or custody.
b. a single person
2. the admission will not endanger the other residents of the public housing
3. must be 18; for senior buildings at least one member of the family must be 62 or older
4. the income of your family does not exceed the income limits prescribed by the NYCHA. 
The eligibility based on family income is based on the number of members of the family and the family’s annual income.  The NYCHA prescribes that the maximum income that a single individual can make, and still be eligible for NYCHA housing is $48,000.  For families of 10 that maximum amount is $97,000.
What does NYCHA afford eligible residents?
Depending on your status you will be required to pay rent based on 30% of you gross adjusted family income; usually including gas and electricity.  

DHA

DHA

California Department of Real Estate

California Department of Real Estate

The California Department of Real Estate (or Department of Real Estate, California, as it is sometimes called), is an organization devoted to protection of the consumers within the real estate markets of California. The California Department of Real Estate describes its own primary goals as helping to monitor and regulate the practices within the real estate markets of California; raising public awareness of issues within the real estate markets of California; and providing any necessary or important services to consumers as well as licensees of the Department of Real Estate, California.

The California Department of Real Estate indeed must spend a large amount of its resources and time in regulating those with a California real estate license, as well as issuing further such licenses to those who apply. A California real estate license is required for those who wish to act as real estate brokers and real estate salespeople within California. A California real estate license is also significant in that only those individuals who both show themselves to have the appropriate and necessary knowledge and who show themselves to have the proper character will receive such a California real estate license. In this way, the Department of Real Estate, California, is able to maintain some control on the real estate market of California in order to protect the consumers.

Understanding Civil Service

Understanding Civil Service

What is Civil Service?
Civil Service carries the following definitions: 
o Government or public service where individuals are employed based on professional merit as proven by actions and examinations 
o Any organization in any government agency other than the armed forces
The term “civic” or “public servant” refers to any individual in the public sector who is employed by a government department or agency. As stated above, the term “civil service” excludes all members of the military; however, public servants may be employed in various defense branches as civilian aides. 
Public service employees always include individuals employed by the state; the term encompasses all government workers, including sub-state, regional or municipal employees. A number of people consider the study of civil service to be placed within the field of public administration—employees in a non-departmental public body may also be grouped as civil servants for the purpose of statistics. 
Civil Service in the United States:
In the United States, the civil service industry was formally established in 1872. The Federal Civil Service agency, as a whole, is regarded as the complete series of “appointive positions in the executive, judicial and legislative branches of the Government of the United States, with the exception of the uniformed service branches.”
In the early part of the 19th century, government jobs were held at the discretion of the President—a government employee could be fired at any time. This system ultimately stripped the government of an efficient civil service sector—these jobs were used to support the political parties. The spoils system was eventually replaced by the passing of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 and subsequent legislation. 
By 1909, approximately 2/3 of the United States federal work force was appointed based on merit—qualifications were measured by government-administered tests. Other senior civil service positions, including various heads of diplomatic missions and executive agencies were filled through political appointments. 
Presently, the United States Civil service includes the Excepted and Competitive service. The majority of civil service appointments are made under the Competitive service but certain categories in the Diplomatic Service—including jobs within the FBI—are made under the Excepted Service. The majority of state and local governments will utilize a competitive civil service system modeled after the federal system. 
As of 2007, the Federal Government of the United States (excluding the postal service) employed approximately 1.8 million civilian workers. These statistics make the government the Nation’s single largest employer. 
Although the majority of federal agencies and departments are based in the Washington D.C. region, only 15% of the federal government workforce is employed in the area.