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A Guide to the International Trade Administration

A Guide to the International Trade AdministrationWhat is the International Trade Administration?

The International Trade Administration is a Federal agency that operates within the United States Department of Commerce. The primary mission of the International Trade Administration is to promote the country’s exports of nonagricultural American services and goods.

The stated goals of the International Trade Administration are as follows:

The International Trade Administration aims to provide practical information to help Americans in their selection of various markets and products

The International Trade Administration aims to ensure that Americans have access to international markets as mandated by the United States’ several trade agreements.

The International Trade Administration provides a safeguard for Americans from unfair competition regarding dumped and subsidized imports.

International Trade Administration Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the International Trade Administration:

The International Trade Administration was formed on January 2nd of 1980

The headquarters of the International Trade Administration are located in Washington D.C.

The International Trade Administration is responsible for the jurisdiction over the Federal Government of the United States

The head of the International Trade Administration is Agency Executive Francisco Sanchez.

The Parent Agency of the International Trade Administration is the Department of Commerce.

The International Trade Commission operates with roughly 1,500 employees and under and annual budget of approximately $535 million.

How is the International Trade Administration Organized?

The International Trade Administration is divided into the following four sub-units: The Import Administration Department, Market Access and Compliance, Manufacturing and Services and the United States Commercial Service.

The International Trade Administration is chaired by the Secretary of Commerce for International Trade. Operating directly under this post is the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Trade Promotion/the Director General of the Commercial Service, as well as the Office of International Operations and the Office of Domestic Operations.

The United States Commercial, through its Strategic Corporate Partnership Program, possesses several public private partnership agreements with 17 private organizations, including various banks, transportation and shipping organizations, event organizers, legal and regulatory organizations, and several trade risk service companies.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The International Trade Administration functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

A Guide to the National Institute of Standards and Technology

A Guide to the National Institute of Standards and TechnologyWhat is the National Institute of Standards and Technology?

The National Institute of Standards and Technology is a non-regulator agency of the United States Department of Commerce. In essence, the National Institute of Standards and Technology is a measurement standards science facility that aims to complete the following mission (as stated by agency itself): “To Promote U.S. innovation and industrial competitiveness by advancing measurement science, standards and technology in ways that enhance economic security and improve quality of life.”

As part of its general mission, the National Institute of Standards and Technology supplies, academia, government, and industry with over 1,300 Standard Reference Materials. These various artifacts are certified as possessing specific characteristics or component content, used as a form of calibration standard to measure equipment and procedures, as well as quality control benchmarks for industrial processes and experimental control samples.

In early 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology conducted an investigation into the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings 1 and 2, as well as the 47-story 7 World Trade Center. The investigation, covered the following aspects: a technical building and fire safety evaluation to study the factors which contributed to the cause of the collapses of the towers, a research and development program to provide a technical basis for improved building and fire codes and a technical assistance program to engage leaders of the construction community to implement proposed changes to codes, standards and practices.

National Institute of Standards and Technology Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology:

The headquarters of the National Institute of Standards and Technology are located in Gaithersburg, Maryland—the National Institute of Standards and Technology also possesses a fully-functional facility in Boulder, Colorado.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology is aligned into six functional laboratories: An Engineering Laboratory, an Information Technology Laboratory, a Physical measurement Laboratory, the Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology, and the NIST Center for Neutron Research. In addition to these laboratories, the national Institute of Standards and Technology also possesses several extramural programs.

The National institute of Standards and Technology possesses an operating budget of approximately $992 million dollars; however, the agency also receives donations and grants, most notably a $610 million gift as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.

The National Institute of Standards and Technology employs roughly 2,900 scientists, technicians, engineers and various support and administrative personnel. Roughly 1,800 associates of the National Institute of Standards and Technology agency complement the core staff; additionally, the National Institute of Standards and Technology partners with approximately 1,400 manufacturing specialists and staff members in nearly 350 affiliated centers throughout the United States of America.

Fast Look Into The National Marine Fisheries Service

Fast Look Into The National Marine Fisheries ServiceWhat is the National Marine Fisheries Service?

The National Marine Fisheries Service is a Federal agency that operates within the United States of America and a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as well as the Federal Department of Commerce. The National Marine Fisheries Service is responsible for the management, as well as the stewardship, of the country’s living marine resources and their habitat within the nation’s Exclusive Economic Zone—a region which extends seaward 200 nautical miles from the United States’ coastline.

The National Marine Fisheries Service is headed by Dr. Jane Lubchenco—the Executive Agent of the National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. In recent years, the National marine Fisheries Service has fallen under intense controversy as a result of a strained relationship with the fishing industry. As a result of various complaints filed by the fishing industry, the United States Congress conducted a multi-part investigation, headed by the Commerce Department Inspector general, which revealed severe problems, including an egregious misuse of the department’s budget.

What does the National Marine Fisheries Service do?

Controversy aside, the National marine Fisheries Service uses tools and resources provided by the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Using these supplies, the National marine Fisheries Service assess and predict the status of fish stocks, ensures compliance issues to meet fishery regulations and works to end those wasteful practices attached to the fishing industry.

The goals and procedures implemented by the National Marine Fisheries are constructed in alignment with the Maine Mammal Protection Act and the Endangered Species Act. As a result of the relationship with these Acts, the National marine Fisheries Service is also responsible for recovering protected marine species such as whales, sea turtles and wild salmon.

The National Marine Fisheries Service attempts to conserve and manage marine fisheries to promote the sustainability of our nation’s coastlines and fishing resources. Furthermore, the National Marine Fisheries Service coordinates the use of its resources and services to prevent lost economic potential relating to overfishing, the decline of species and degraded habitats.

Although the majority of coastal states and regions possess the authority to manage fisheries within near-shore waters, the National Marine Fisheries Service has the primary responsibility to manage and conserve marine fisheries throughout the United States’ exclusive economic zone that lies beyond state waters.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The National Marine Fisheries Service functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

A Guide to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

A Guide to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationWhat is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration?

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is a scientific agency grouped within the United States Department of Commerce that is primarily focused on the conditions of the atmosphere and the world’s oceans. Through the use of various resources and field professionals, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will warn the public and government officials of matters concerning dangerous weather.

In addition, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will chart the seas and skies, as well as guide the use and protection of the world’s oceans and coastal resources. While evaluating these bodies, the National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will also conduct research to improve our understanding and stewardship relating to the environment.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is comprised of civilian and government employees. In addition to these employees, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s research and operations are supported by approximately 300 uniformed service members who comprise the organizations Commissioner Officer Corps.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration was formed on October 3rd in 1970

The headquarters of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are located in Silver Spring, Maryland

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is responsible for the jurisdiction over the Federal Government of the United States of America.

The head of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is Agency Executive Jane Lubchenco, who was formally nominated by President Barack Obama and subsequently confirmed by the United States Senate on march 18, 2009.

The parent agency of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is the Department of Commerce.

Goals of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration:

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration regards itself as informed society that uses a comprehensive understanding of the role of the coasts, the oceans and the atmosphere in the global ecosystem to provide the most efficient and best social and economic decisions.

The agency’s mission is to “understand and predict changes in the Earth’s environment and conserve and manage coastal and marine resources to meet our nation’s economic, social and environmental needs.”

In support this mission statement, the national Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has established four specific goals to guide its general operation. Each goal runs parallel to activities which focus on the climate, weather and water, the ecosystem, and commerce and transportation. In a specific sense, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration operate to ensure a sustainable use of resources and to balance competing uses of coastal and marine ecosystems.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration also studies changes in climate to ensure that Americans can develop plans and respond properly to alterations in the planet’s ecological system. Additionally, the Administration provides data and forecasts concerning weather and water cycle events, including droughts, floods and violent storms. Lastly, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration will provide weather, climate and ecosystem information to ensure the safety and environmental soundness of
transportation.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

Quick National Weather Service Facts

Quick National Weather Service FactsWhat is the National Weather Service?

The National Weather Service is a Federal agency that is one of the six scientific agencies, which make up the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration of the United States Federal Government. The National Weather Service is responsible for providing weather, hydrologic and climate forecasts, as well as warning, for the United States, its controlling territories and ocean areas. This relay of information is undertaken for the protection of life and property, as well as for the enhancement of the national economy.

The National Weather Service conducts and subsequently delivers its reports through a collection of national and regional centers; in total the National Weather Service is comprised of 122 local weather forecast offices.

National Weather Service Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the National Weather Service:

The National Weather Service was formed on February 9 of 1870

The headquarters of the National Weather Service are located in Silver Spring, Maryland

The National Weather Service is responsible for the jurisdiction over the Federal Government of the United States of America

The head of the National Weather Service is Agency Executive Dr. John Hayes

The Parent Agency of the National Weather Service is the National Centers for Environmental Prediction

How does the National Weather Service conduct its Forecasts?



The National Weather Service issues a comprehensive package of forecast products in order to support several users, most notably the general public. Although text forecasts have the primary means of product dissemination, the National Weather Service has recently converted to a more modern, digitalized grid format.

Each of the National Weather Service’s 122 local Weather Forecast Offices relay their graphical forecasts to a national server stored in the National Digital Forecast Database. The database then compiles the information to secure a collection of weather elements for specific regions including: maximum and minimum temperatures, humidity levels, probability of precipitation, cloud cover, amount of precipitation, weather type, wind direction and speed, and wintry precipitation.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The National Weather Service functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

Quick Glance into the Office for Civil Rights

Quick Glance into the Office for Civil RightsWhat is the Office for Civil Rights?

The Office for Civil Rights is a sub-Federal Agency of the United States Department of Education that is primarily responsible for maintaining; protecting and improving civil rights in federally funded or assisted education programs throughout the United States. The Office for Civil Rights aims to uphold Civil Rights in education by prohibiting discrimination on the basis of color, race, national origin, age, sexual preference, handicap or allegiance to a patriotic youth organization.

The Office for Civil Rights is one of the primary federal civil rights agencies in the United States of America; the Office for Civil Rights operates with a staff of approximately 650 legal professionals, investigators and civilian employees. As a general initiative, the Office for Civil Rights is responsible for ensuring compliance by those schools or educators who are recipients of federal education funds with America’s civil rights laws, including the following Acts

Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Title IX of the Education Amendments Act of 1972

Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act

The Boy Scouts of America Equal Access Act

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973

The Age Discrimination Act of 1975

The Office for Civil Rights is located in twelve regional offices throughout the country, but maintains its headquarters in Washington, D.C.

How is the Office for Civil Rights Organized?

The Office for Civil Rights is headed by the United States Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights; a prominent position within the United States Department of Education. As the head of the Office for Civil Rights, the United States Assistant Secretary of Education for Civil Rights assumes the position of the primary civil rights advisor to the United States Secretary of Education.

In present times, the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights is Russlynn Ali; former holders of this position include Clarence Thomas, Michael Williams, Gerald Reynolds and Norma Cantu.

A Guide to the Office of Economic Adjustment

A Guide to the Office of Economic AdjustmentWhat is the Office of Economic Adjustment?

The Office of Economic Adjustment is a Federal agency that operates within the United States of America’s Department of Justice. The Office of Economic Adjustment is responsible for assisting communities that are adversely affected by alterations in Defense programs, including base realignments or closures, base expansions and program or contract cancellations. The Office of Economic Adjustment assists these affected communities by directing and managing the Defense Economic Adjustment Program and by coordinating the involvement of other Federal Departments.

The Office of Economic Adjustment provides a community-based initiative for the assessment of economic hardships precipitated by changes in Department of Defense programs or procedures. The Office of Economic Adjustment aims to mitigate the negative externalities attached to these changes by identifying and evaluating alternative courses of action, identifying resource requirements, and assisting in the preparation of an alternative action of strategy to help communities sustain and help themselves.

Organization of the Office of Economic Adjustment:

The Office of Economic Adjustment is comprised of a full-service staff and numerous sub-departments. The staff of the Office of Economic Adjustment possesses a wide range of experience in community and economic development, real estate development, federal real property programs, land use planning, military programs and worker adjustment programs.

The work for the Office of Economic Adjustment is organized by the Project Managers; these officials possess a strong working knowledge of the other Federal Agencies, their respective programs and the resources they possess. Using this knowledge, project managers aim to provide support to help communities structure an adjustment program. When developed, the adjustment program will combine and utilize Federal, State, local and private resources.

The Joint Land Use Study:

The Office of Economic Adjustment administers a Joint Land Use Study Program, to help encourage a cooperative land use planning system, between surrounding communities where caviling encroachment is expected and military installations looking to expand or renovate their respective buildings. In these situations, the Office of Economic Adjustment may provide technical and financial assistance to State or local governments to achieve cooperative land use and development activities near Military facilities.

Quick Glance into the Pentagon Force Protection Agency

Quick Glance into the Pentagon Force Protection AgencyWhat is the Pentagon Force Protection Agency?

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a Federal agency that operates within the United States Department of Defense. The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is a civilian defense agency responsible for protecting and safeguarding the occupants, visitors, and infrastructure of the Pentagon, the Navy Annex and other assigned Pentagon facilities.

In general, this critical responsibility is accomplished with law enforcement officers, known as the United States Pentagon Police, criminal investigative and protective services agents. As a group, the Pentagon Force Protection Agency aims to eliminate various threats through the use of specialized resources and various personnel, such as: threat management agents, biological, radiological, nuclear, chemical and explosive professionals. Additionally, the Pentagon Force Protection Agency will utilize various anti-terrorism, force protection and physical security personnel.

Pentagon Force Protection Agency Quick Facts:

The following details outline the administration of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency:

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency was founded in May of 2002

The preceding agency of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency was the Defense Protective Service

The parent agency of the Pentagon Force Protection agency is the United States Department of Defense

The headquarters of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency are located in the Pentagon building in Washington, D.C.

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency is responsible for the jurisdiction over the pentagon and the National Capital Region

The head of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency is Steven Calvery

Mission of the Pentagon Force Protection Agency:

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency aims to promote high quality law enforcement and security services, for the purpose of providing a safe and orderly work environment for the Department of Defense community in the National Capital Region. All officers of this agency are Federal agents, appointed under Title 10 Section 2674 of the United States Code.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The Pentagon Force Protection Agency functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

Facts About The American Forces Information Service

Facts About The American Forces Information ServiceWhat is the American Forces Information Service?

The American Forces Information Service is a Federal agency that operates within the United States of America’s Department of Defense. The American Forces Information Service was formerly responsible for providing news and various media-related services concerning the United States Military.

The American Forces Information Service was, however, disestablished by the Department of Defense Directive on October 1, 2008. Following the dissolution of the American Forces Information Service the Department of Defense Directive created the Defense Media Activity, which is the agency responsible for providing news stories concerning military operations that take place throughout the world.

The Defense Media Activity reports information to all the military service Media Centers, the Stars and Stripes newspapers, as well as the American Forces Radio and Television Service and its coordinating American Forces Network.

The Defense Media Activity now serves as the Department of Defense’s direct line of communication for news and information to all branches of the United States military forces throughout the world. The agency is responsible for providing news, information and entertainment on a variety of media platforms, including radio, television, the Internet, print media and new forms of emerging media technologies.

The Defense Media Activity will inform millions of enlisted soldiers throughout the world, including all Guard and Reserve service members, civilian employees, contractors, military retirees as well as their families in the United States and abroad.

Facts Regarding the American Forces Information Service:

The Defense Media Activity was established in October of 2008 as a result of the Defense Base Realignment and Closure Act. The Defense Media Activity consolidates the Solider’s Media Center, the Marine Corps News Agency, the Naval Media Center, Air Force news Service and American Forces Information Service into a single field activity. The Defense media Activity is currently based out of its new headquarters and production complex in Fort Meade, Maryland.

Government Agency of the Executive Branch:

Government agencies are defined as organizations, councils, and offices operating under the jurisdiction of the Federal Government of the United States of America; each federal agency retains specific administrative jurisdiction over specific facets latent within the operations of the United States Government.

The American Forces Information Service functions as a government agency under the Executive Branch of the United States government, which is comprised of 3 total branches; in addition to the Executive branch – which is responsible for the regulation and enforcement of operational legislation existing within the United States of America – there also exists the Legislative and Judicial Branches.

Guide to the Bureau of Public Debt

Guide to the Bureau of Public Debt

What is the Bureau of Public Debt?

Formed in 1940, the Bureau of Public Debt is a government agency of the Treasury Department; the Bureau of Public debt is a fundamental part of the Fiscal Service of the United States. The Bureau of Public Debt operates with the authority derived from Article I, section 8 of the United States Constitution—this chapter provides the rules and regulations associated with the management of public debt.

The Bureau of Public Debt operates with roughly 2,000 federal employees. The Bureau of Public Debt has jurisdiction within the United States Federal Government; the agency operates under the Department of the Treasury. Currently, the Bureau of Public Debt is run by Van Zeck– the Commissioner of the agency. 

What is Public Debt?

Public debt refers to the broad responsibility of borrowing money to improve and operate the federal government. In essence, public debt is the funds owed by the United States Federal Government for the production and delivery of various public goods. More specifically, public debt also accounts for the resulting debts accumulated through various IT services to federal agencies, administrative costs, defense and the development of roads, highways and transportation mediums. 

Mission Statement of the Bureau of the Public Debt:

As an agency of the United States Treasury Department, the Bureau of the Public Debt’s mission is to borrow funds needed to operate the United States Federal Government. Because of this function, the agency must provide support services to federal agencies within governing bodies. 

The Bureau of the Public Debt provides financing to the United States Federal Government by selling notes, bonds, Treasury Bills, Treasury inflation-protected securities and United States Savings Bonds. 

The Bureau of the Public Debt also provides administrative and information technology services to other governmental agencies through the Administrative Resource Center. 

In total, the Bureau fulfills this mission through five unique government programs: Wholesale Security Services, Retail Securities Services, Summary Debt Accounting, Government Agency Investment Services and Franchise Services. Through these functions, the ultimate goal of the Bureau of the Public Debt is to establish and maintain effective government through commitment, efficiency, values-based behavior and innovation.